Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
May 17, 2022 RI H 7100 Repeals Restrictions on Voting by Mail, Other Election Matters (53 - 13)
May 9, 2022 MO HB 1878 Authorizes Secretary of State to Audit List of Registered Voters Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 11)
May 9, 2022 MO HB 2909 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (114 - 34)
April 21, 2022 NH SB 418 Requires That First-Time Voters Without ID Use Affidavit Ballots "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (180 - 154)
April 21, 2022 FL SB 2-C Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (68 - 38)
April 20, 2022 FL SB 2-C Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 15)
April 15, 2022 GA SB 441 Authorizes Georgia Bureau of Investigation to Investigate Claims of Election Fraud (33 - 22)
April 13, 2022 PA SB 1200 Amends Pennsylvania Election Code Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 20)
April 4, 2022 GA SB 441 Authorizes Georgia Bureau of Investigation to Investigate Claims of Election Fraud Bill Passed - House (98 - 69)
March 31, 2022 NH SB 418 Requires That First-Time Voters Without ID Use Affidavit Ballots "Ought to Pass as Amended" Report Adopted - Senate (13 - 11)
March 30, 2022 LA HB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Veto Override Passed - House (72 - 31)
March 28, 2022 CO HB 22-1060 Limits Campaign Contributions to School Board Candidates Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 12)
March 25, 2022 WY HB 100 Amends State Legislative Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (17 - 12)
March 23, 2022 AZ HB 2492 Requires Proof of Citizenship in Order to Vote in a Presidential Election Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 12)
March 23, 2022 CT HB 5262 Expands Access to Absentee Voting Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 4)
March 23, 2022 MO HB 2117 Establishes New Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 10)
March 16, 2022 VT H 722 Amends State House District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (129 - 13)
March 16, 2022 CT HB 5262 Expands Access to Absentee Voting Bill Passed - House (126 - 16)
March 16, 2022 AK HB 234 Limits Political Contributions Bill Passed - House (21 - 18)
March 15, 2022 RI H 7429 Increases Polling Place Voter Capacity Bill Passed - House (63 - 5)
March 12, 2022 WV HB 4353 Amends Election Laws Concurrence Vote Passed - House (81 - 15)
March 12, 2022 WV HB 4353 Amends Election Laws Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 2)
March 11, 2022 WY HB 100 Amends State Legislative Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - House (44 - 12)
March 10, 2022 MO HB 1878 Authorizes Secretary of State to Audit List of Registered Voters Bill Passed - House (97 - 46)
March 9, 2022 FL SB 524 Establishes Office of Election Crimes and Security Bill Passed - House (76 - 41)
March 7, 2022 WY HB 49 Requires Organizations that Receive a Minimum of $1,000 for Election Spending File with the Wyoming Secretary of State's Office Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 8)
March 4, 2022 WY HB 80 Requires Campaigns and PACs to File an Itemized Statement of Contributions with the Secretary of State Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 8)
March 4, 2022 WY HB 52 Authorizes Absentee Ballot Processing Before Election Day and Establishes Election Result Sharing as a Felony Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 10)
March 4, 2022 FL SB 524 Establishes Office of Election Crimes and Security Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 14)
March 3, 2022 UT HB 313 Expands Restrictions on Elections and Voting Concurrence Vote Passed - House (56 - 14)
March 2, 2022 UT HB 313 Expands Restrictions on Elections and Voting Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 7)
Feb. 28, 2022 AZ HB 2492 Requires Proof of Citizenship in Order to Vote in a Presidential Election Bill Passed - House (31 - 26)
Feb. 24, 2022 GA HB 437 Amends Fulton County Commissioner District Boundaries (32 - 20)
Feb. 24, 2022 WI SB 940 Authorizes Suspension of Voters for Information Discrepancies Concurrence Vote Passed - House (59 - 36)
Feb. 24, 2022 WY HB 49 Requires Organizations that Receive a Minimum of $1,000 for Election Spending File with the Wyoming Secretary of State's Office Bill Passed - House (45 - 14)
Feb. 24, 2022 WY HB 52 Authorizes Absentee Ballot Processing Before Election Day and Establishes Election Result Sharing as a Felony Bill Passed - House (46 - 13)
Feb. 22, 2022 CO HB 22-1060 Limits Campaign Contributions to School Board Candidates Bill Passed - House (41 - 23)
Feb. 22, 2022 WI SB 940 Authorizes Suspension of Voters for Information Discrepancies Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
Feb. 21, 2022 WY HB 80 Requires Campaigns and PACs to File an Itemized Statement of Contributions with the Secretary of State Bill Passed - House (41 - 15)
Feb. 18, 2022 LA HB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - House (62 - 27)
Feb. 18, 2022 LA HB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 10)
Feb. 18, 2022 LA SB 1 Amends State Senate Legislative Districts Bill Passed - House (65 - 31)
Feb. 18, 2022 LA SB 5 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 9)
Feb. 18, 2022 LA SB 5 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (64 - 31)
Feb. 17, 2022 GA HB 437 Amends Fulton County Commissioner District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (97 - 62)
Feb. 17, 2022 GA SB 369 Requires Board of Education Member Elections Be Nonpartisan Bill Passed - House (95 - 61)
Feb. 17, 2022 NC SB 744 Amends State Senate Legislative Districts Bill Passed - House (67 - 52)
Feb. 17, 2022 NC HB 980 Amends State Legislative House Districts in Accordance with the State Supreme Court Order Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 3)
Feb. 17, 2022 NC SB 745 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (66 - 53)
Feb. 17, 2022 NC SB 745 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 19)
Feb. 17, 2022 NC SB 744 Amends State Senate Legislative Districts Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 19)
Feb. 15, 2022 RI H 7323 Establishes Congressional, State District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 9)
Feb. 15, 2022 RI S 2162 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (57 - 6)
Feb. 15, 2022 RI H 7323 Establishes Congressional, State District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (58 - 8)
Feb. 15, 2022 RI S 2162 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 9)
Feb. 14, 2022 LA SB 1 Amends State Senate Legislative Districts Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 12)
Feb. 14, 2022 LA SB 15 Amends Supreme Court District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 12)
Feb. 11, 2022 MS HB 1510 Increases Secretary of State Power to Purge Voter Rolls and Audit Election Results Without Public Oversight Bill Passed - House (75 - 43)
Feb. 10, 2022 UT SB 11 Specifies Process for Cancelling Local Elections Bill Passed - House (58 - 13)
Feb. 9, 2022 KS SB 355 Amends State Congressional Districts Veto Override Passed - House (85 - 37)
Feb. 8, 2022 KS SB 355 Amends State Congressional Districts Veto Override Passed - Senate (27 - 11)
Feb. 8, 2022 WA HCR 4407 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (35 - 14)
Feb. 2, 2022 NY A 9167 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
Feb. 2, 2022 NY A 9167 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (104 - 44)
Feb. 2, 2022 GA SB 369 Requires Board of Education Member Elections Be Nonpartisan Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 21)
Jan. 27, 2022 MD SJ 2 Establishes New General Assembly District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (95 - 42)
Jan. 27, 2022 MA S 2554 Establishes Early Voting Opportunities Bill Passed - House (124 - 34)
Jan. 26, 2022 SC S 865 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Concurrence Vote Passed - House (72 - 33)
Jan. 26, 2022 KS SB 355 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (79 - 37)
Jan. 25, 2022 GA SR 363 Authorizes Constitutional Referendum on Limiting Voting Rights to U.S. Citizens Motion Agreed - Senate (33 - 18)
Jan. 24, 2022 PA HB 2146 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 20)
Jan. 24, 2022 TN SB 780 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (71 - 26)
Jan. 20, 2022 KY SB 3 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Veto Override Passed - House (64 - 24)
Jan. 20, 2022 KY SB 3 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Veto Override Passed - Senate (26 - 8)
Jan. 20, 2022 SC S 865 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 15)
Jan. 20, 2022 MD SJ 2 Establishes New General Assembly District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 14)
Jan. 20, 2022 TN SB 780 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 5)
Jan. 19, 2022 National HR 5746 Freedom to Vote: John R. Lewis Act Bill Passed - Senate (52 - 48)
Jan. 19, 2022 NC HB 605 Amends the Upcoming 2022 Primary Date Concurrence Vote Passed - House (69 - 50)
Jan. 19, 2022 NC HB 605 Amends the Upcoming 2022 Primary Date Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 17)
Jan. 19, 2022 MO HB 2117 Establishes New Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (95 - 55)
Jan. 13, 2022 National HR 5746 Freedom to Vote: John R. Lewis Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (220 - 203)
Jan. 13, 2022 SC S 865 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (68 - 36)
Jan. 12, 2022 MS HB 384 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 18)
Jan. 12, 2022 PA HB 2146 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (110 - 91)
Jan. 10, 2022 NH HB 50 Establishes State House District Boundaries "Ought to Pass as Amended" Report Adopted - House (186 - 168)
Jan. 8, 2022 KY SB 2 Establishes Senatorial District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (67 - 23)
Jan. 8, 2022 KY HB 2 Amends State House District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 10)
Jan. 6, 2022 KY HB 172 Amends Election Filing Deadlines Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 4)
Jan. 6, 2022 MS HB 384 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (75 - 44)
Jan. 6, 2022 KY SB 2 Establishes Senatorial District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 4)
Jan. 6, 2022 KY HB 2 Amends State House District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (71 - 19)
Jan. 5, 2022 IL HB 3138 Amends Judicial Circuits and Subcircuits Concurrence Vote Passed - House (66 - 34)
Jan. 5, 2022 IL HB 3138 Amends Judicial Circuits and Subcircuits Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 16)
Jan. 5, 2022 KY HB 172 Amends Election Filing Deadlines Bill Passed - House (84 - 12)
Dec. 11, 2021 NM SB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (44 - 24)
Dec. 10, 2021 NM SB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 15)
Dec. 9, 2021 MD HB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Veto Override Passed - House (96 - 42)
Dec. 7, 2021 National HR 5314 Protecting Our Democracy Act Bill Passed - House (220 - 208)
Nov. 18, 2021 NC SB 326 Requires State Election Officials to Stop Collecting Mail-In Ballots After Election Day Bill Passed - House (62 - 48)
Date No. Title Outcome
5/17 H 7100 Repeals Restrictions on Voting by Mail, Other Election Matters (53 - 13)
5/09 HB 1878 Authorizes Secretary of State to Audit List of Registered Voters Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 11)
5/09 HB 2909 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (114 - 34)
4/21 SB 418 Requires That First-Time Voters Without ID Use Affidavit Ballots "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (180 - 154)
4/21 SB 2-C Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (68 - 38)
4/20 SB 2-C Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 15)
4/15 SB 441 Authorizes Georgia Bureau of Investigation to Investigate Claims of Election Fraud (33 - 22)
4/13 SB 1200 Amends Pennsylvania Election Code Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 20)
4/04 SB 441 Authorizes Georgia Bureau of Investigation to Investigate Claims of Election Fraud Bill Passed - House (98 - 69)
3/31 SB 418 Requires That First-Time Voters Without ID Use Affidavit Ballots "Ought to Pass as Amended" Report Adopted - Senate (13 - 11)
3/30 HB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Veto Override Passed - House (72 - 31)
3/28 HB 22-1060 Limits Campaign Contributions to School Board Candidates Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 12)
3/25 HB 100 Amends State Legislative Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (17 - 12)
3/23 HB 2492 Requires Proof of Citizenship in Order to Vote in a Presidential Election Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 12)
3/23 HB 5262 Expands Access to Absentee Voting Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 4)
3/23 HB 2117 Establishes New Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 10)
3/16 H 722 Amends State House District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (129 - 13)
3/16 HB 5262 Expands Access to Absentee Voting Bill Passed - House (126 - 16)
3/16 HB 234 Limits Political Contributions Bill Passed - House (21 - 18)
3/15 H 7429 Increases Polling Place Voter Capacity Bill Passed - House (63 - 5)
3/12 HB 4353 Amends Election Laws Concurrence Vote Passed - House (81 - 15)
3/12 HB 4353 Amends Election Laws Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 2)
3/11 HB 100 Amends State Legislative Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - House (44 - 12)
3/10 HB 1878 Authorizes Secretary of State to Audit List of Registered Voters Bill Passed - House (97 - 46)
3/09 SB 524 Establishes Office of Election Crimes and Security Bill Passed - House (76 - 41)
3/07 HB 49 Requires Organizations that Receive a Minimum of $1,000 for Election Spending File with the Wyoming Secretary of State's Office Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 8)
3/04 HB 80 Requires Campaigns and PACs to File an Itemized Statement of Contributions with the Secretary of State Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 8)
3/04 HB 52 Authorizes Absentee Ballot Processing Before Election Day and Establishes Election Result Sharing as a Felony Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 10)
3/04 SB 524 Establishes Office of Election Crimes and Security Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 14)
3/03 HB 313 Expands Restrictions on Elections and Voting Concurrence Vote Passed - House (56 - 14)
3/02 HB 313 Expands Restrictions on Elections and Voting Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 7)
2/28 HB 2492 Requires Proof of Citizenship in Order to Vote in a Presidential Election Bill Passed - House (31 - 26)
2/24 HB 437 Amends Fulton County Commissioner District Boundaries (32 - 20)
2/24 SB 940 Authorizes Suspension of Voters for Information Discrepancies Concurrence Vote Passed - House (59 - 36)
2/24 HB 49 Requires Organizations that Receive a Minimum of $1,000 for Election Spending File with the Wyoming Secretary of State's Office Bill Passed - House (45 - 14)
2/24 HB 52 Authorizes Absentee Ballot Processing Before Election Day and Establishes Election Result Sharing as a Felony Bill Passed - House (46 - 13)
2/22 HB 22-1060 Limits Campaign Contributions to School Board Candidates Bill Passed - House (41 - 23)
2/22 SB 940 Authorizes Suspension of Voters for Information Discrepancies Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
2/21 HB 80 Requires Campaigns and PACs to File an Itemized Statement of Contributions with the Secretary of State Bill Passed - House (41 - 15)
2/18 HB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - House (62 - 27)
2/18 HB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 10)
2/18 SB 1 Amends State Senate Legislative Districts Bill Passed - House (65 - 31)
2/18 SB 5 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 9)
2/18 SB 5 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (64 - 31)
2/17 HB 437 Amends Fulton County Commissioner District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (97 - 62)
2/17 SB 369 Requires Board of Education Member Elections Be Nonpartisan Bill Passed - House (95 - 61)
2/17 SB 744 Amends State Senate Legislative Districts Bill Passed - House (67 - 52)
2/17 HB 980 Amends State Legislative House Districts in Accordance with the State Supreme Court Order Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 3)
2/17 SB 745 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (66 - 53)
2/17 SB 745 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 19)
2/17 SB 744 Amends State Senate Legislative Districts Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 19)
2/15 H 7323 Establishes Congressional, State District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 9)
2/15 S 2162 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (57 - 6)
2/15 H 7323 Establishes Congressional, State District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (58 - 8)
2/15 S 2162 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 9)
2/14 SB 1 Amends State Senate Legislative Districts Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 12)
2/14 SB 15 Amends Supreme Court District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 12)
2/11 HB 1510 Increases Secretary of State Power to Purge Voter Rolls and Audit Election Results Without Public Oversight Bill Passed - House (75 - 43)
2/10 SB 11 Specifies Process for Cancelling Local Elections Bill Passed - House (58 - 13)
2/09 SB 355 Amends State Congressional Districts Veto Override Passed - House (85 - 37)
2/08 SB 355 Amends State Congressional Districts Veto Override Passed - Senate (27 - 11)
2/08 HCR 4407 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (35 - 14)
2/02 A 9167 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
2/02 A 9167 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (104 - 44)
2/02 SB 369 Requires Board of Education Member Elections Be Nonpartisan Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 21)
1/27 SJ 2 Establishes New General Assembly District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (95 - 42)
1/27 S 2554 Establishes Early Voting Opportunities Bill Passed - House (124 - 34)
1/26 S 865 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Concurrence Vote Passed - House (72 - 33)
1/26 SB 355 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (79 - 37)
1/25 SR 363 Authorizes Constitutional Referendum on Limiting Voting Rights to U.S. Citizens Motion Agreed - Senate (33 - 18)
1/24 HB 2146 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 20)
1/24 SB 780 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (71 - 26)
1/20 SB 3 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Veto Override Passed - House (64 - 24)
1/20 SB 3 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Veto Override Passed - Senate (26 - 8)
1/20 S 865 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 15)
1/20 SJ 2 Establishes New General Assembly District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 14)
1/20 SB 780 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 5)
1/19 HR 5746 Freedom to Vote: John R. Lewis Act Bill Passed - Senate (52 - 48)
1/19 HB 605 Amends the Upcoming 2022 Primary Date Concurrence Vote Passed - House (69 - 50)
1/19 HB 605 Amends the Upcoming 2022 Primary Date Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 17)
1/19 HB 2117 Establishes New Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (95 - 55)
1/13 HR 5746 Freedom to Vote: John R. Lewis Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (220 - 203)
1/13 S 865 Amends Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (68 - 36)
1/12 HB 384 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 18)
1/12 HB 2146 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (110 - 91)
1/10 HB 50 Establishes State House District Boundaries "Ought to Pass as Amended" Report Adopted - House (186 - 168)
1/08 SB 2 Establishes Senatorial District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (67 - 23)
1/08 HB 2 Amends State House District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 10)
1/06 HB 172 Amends Election Filing Deadlines Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 4)
1/06 HB 384 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (75 - 44)
1/06 SB 2 Establishes Senatorial District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 4)
1/06 HB 2 Amends State House District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (71 - 19)
1/05 HB 3138 Amends Judicial Circuits and Subcircuits Concurrence Vote Passed - House (66 - 34)
1/05 HB 3138 Amends Judicial Circuits and Subcircuits Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 16)
1/05 HB 172 Amends Election Filing Deadlines Bill Passed - House (84 - 12)
12/11 SB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (44 - 24)
12/10 SB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 15)
12/09 HB 1 Amends State Congressional Districts Veto Override Passed - House (96 - 42)
12/07 HR 5314 Protecting Our Democracy Act Bill Passed - House (220 - 208)
11/18 SB 326 Requires State Election Officials to Stop Collecting Mail-In Ballots After Election Day Bill Passed - House (62 - 48)

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