Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


results per page:
Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Sept. 10, 2021 CA SB 805 Authorizes Low-Cost Payroll and Paymaster Services for Nonprofit Performing Arts Organizations Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (30 - 6)
Sept. 1, 2021 NC HB 324 Prohibits the Teaching of Certain Topics Related to Racism, Civics, and American History Concurrence Vote Passed - House (61 - 41)
Aug. 26, 2021 NC HB 324 Prohibits the Teaching of Certain Topics Related to Racism, Civics, and American History Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 17)
July 21, 2021 LA SB 156 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating Against Sports Teams that do Not Match Their Birth Sex Veto Override Failed - House (68 - 30)
July 20, 2021 LA SB 156 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating Against Sports Teams that do Not Match Their Birth Sex Veto Override Passed - Senate (26 - 12)
June 29, 2021 National HR 3005 To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to replace the bust of Roger Brooke Taney in the Old Supreme Court Chamber of the United States Capitol with a bust of Thurgood Marshall to be obtained by the Joint Committee on the Library and to remove certain statues from areas of the United States Capitol which are accessible to the public, to remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the United States Capitol, and for other purposes. Bill Passed - House (285 - 120)
June 24, 2021 OH SB 113 Authorizes the Legal Sale of Fireworks Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (24 - 8)
June 24, 2021 OH SB 187 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - House (58 - 36)
June 24, 2021 OH SB 113 Authorizes the Legal Sale of Fireworks Bill Passed - House (67 - 27)
June 22, 2021 WI AB 391 Requires Reopening Historic Sites Using American Rescue Plan Act Funds Bill Passed - House (60 - 38)
June 16, 2021 National S 475 Juneteenth National Independence Day Act Bill Passed - House (415 - 14)
June 16, 2021 WI AB 196 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - House (59 - 38)
June 15, 2021 RI H 5082 Authorizes College Athletes to Profit from the Use of their Image Bill Passed - House (68 - 1)
June 3, 2021 OR SB 5 Requires Compensating College Athletes for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 6)
June 2, 2021 OR SJM 4 Alleges Congress Should Implement Reparations for African Americans Bill Passed - House (35 - 23)
June 1, 2021 CT HB 6402 Authorizes Student-Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (136 - 11)
May 28, 2021 TX HB 547 Authorizes Homeschooled Students to Participate in University Interscholastic League Activities Concurrence Vote Passed - House (80 - 63)
May 26, 2021 TX HB 2497 Requires Patriotic Texas History Materials be Distributed through the DMV Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 9)
May 22, 2021 TX HB 547 Authorizes Homeschooled Students to Participate in University Interscholastic League Activities Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 14)
May 20, 2021 DE HB 198 Requires Schools to Provide Curricula on Black History Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 5)
May 20, 2021 NV AB 88 Requires Schools to Change Any Identifier that is "Racially Discriminatory" Bill Passed - Senate (12 - 8)
May 11, 2021 WI AB 226 Requires the National Anthem to be Played at Sports Stadiums Bill Passed - House (74 - 22)
May 6, 2021 MO SB 330 Authorizes College Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (141 - 6)
April 29, 2021 DE HB 198 Requires Schools to Provide Curricula on Black History Bill Passed - House (33 - 7)
April 28, 2021 NC SB 115 Authorizes Outdoor College Football Stadiums to Open to 100% Capacity Bill Passed - House (77 - 42)
April 15, 2021 AL HB 391 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Playing on Sports Teams that do not Match their Birth Sex Concurrence Vote Passed - House (76 - 13)
April 15, 2021 AL HB 391 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Playing on Sports Teams that do not Match their Birth Sex Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 5)
April 15, 2021 OR SJM 4 Alleges Congress Should Implement Reparations for African Americans Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 9)
April 15, 2021 TX SB 29 Prohibits Transgender Student's from Playing on Sports Teams That do Not Match their Birth Sex Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
April 14, 2021 FL HB 1475 Prohibits Transgender Students from Playing on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Sex Bill Passed - House (77 - 40)
April 9, 2021 KS SB 55 Prohibits Transgender Student Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Sex Conference Report Adopted - Senate (26 - 11)
April 9, 2021 AK HB 10 Establishes Protections for a Unangan Cemetery Bill Passed - House (31 - 8)
April 8, 2021 KS SB 55 Prohibits Transgender Student Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Sex Conference Report Adopted - House (76 - 43)
April 8, 2021 SC S 685 Authorizes College Athletes to be Paid for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 21)
April 8, 2021 TX SB 4 Requires the National Anthem be Played at All Sporting Events Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 2)
April 6, 2021 ND SB 2304 Requires Schools Teach Indigenous History Bill Passed - House (72 - 21)
March 31, 2021 VT JRH 2 Extends an Apology to Individual Vermonters and Their Families Harmed as a Result of State Sanctioned Eugenic Policies and Practices Joint Resolution Passed - House (146 - 0)
March 29, 2021 SD HB 1217 Prohibits Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do not Match Their Birth Sex Veto Override Failed - House (45 - 24)
March 25, 2021 CO SB 21-135 Prohibits the Use of Certain Animals in Traveling Animal Acts Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 13)
March 17, 2021 KS SB 208 Prohibits Transgender Women and Girls from Participating in Women's Sports Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 10)
March 16, 2021 WI SJR 11 Extends Honors to Rush Limbaugh Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
March 16, 2021 WI SJR 20 Establishes February 2021 as Black History Month and Honors Black Legislators Joint Resolution Failed - Senate (11 - 20)
March 10, 2021 ME LD 115 Establishes a New Flag for the State of Maine Bill Failed - House (57 - 91)
March 8, 2021 SD HB 1217 Prohibits Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do not Match Their Birth Sex Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 15)
March 2, 2021 KS HB 2264 Authorizes College Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (95 - 29)
Feb. 11, 2021 MS HB 1030 Requires Paying Student Athletes if Their Likeness is Used in Advertising Bill Passed - House (93 - 19)
Feb. 11, 2021 ND HB 1298 Requires Transgender Athletes to Play Sports on Teams Made for Their Biological Sex Bill Passed - House (65 - 26)
Jan. 27, 2021 MT HB 112 Requires Student Athletes to Participate Under Sex Assigned at Birth Bill Passed - House (61 - 38)
Jan. 6, 2021 MS HB 1 Repeals the State Flag Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 7)
Date No. Title Outcome
9/10 SB 805 Authorizes Low-Cost Payroll and Paymaster Services for Nonprofit Performing Arts Organizations Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (30 - 6)
9/01 HB 324 Prohibits the Teaching of Certain Topics Related to Racism, Civics, and American History Concurrence Vote Passed - House (61 - 41)
8/26 HB 324 Prohibits the Teaching of Certain Topics Related to Racism, Civics, and American History Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 17)
7/21 SB 156 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating Against Sports Teams that do Not Match Their Birth Sex Veto Override Failed - House (68 - 30)
7/20 SB 156 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating Against Sports Teams that do Not Match Their Birth Sex Veto Override Passed - Senate (26 - 12)
6/29 HR 3005 To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to replace the bust of Roger Brooke Taney in the Old Supreme Court Chamber of the United States Capitol with a bust of Thurgood Marshall to be obtained by the Joint Committee on the Library and to remove certain statues from areas of the United States Capitol which are accessible to the public, to remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the United States Capitol, and for other purposes. Bill Passed - House (285 - 120)
6/24 SB 113 Authorizes the Legal Sale of Fireworks Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (24 - 8)
6/24 SB 187 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - House (58 - 36)
6/24 SB 113 Authorizes the Legal Sale of Fireworks Bill Passed - House (67 - 27)
6/22 AB 391 Requires Reopening Historic Sites Using American Rescue Plan Act Funds Bill Passed - House (60 - 38)
6/16 S 475 Juneteenth National Independence Day Act Bill Passed - House (415 - 14)
6/16 AB 196 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - House (59 - 38)
6/15 H 5082 Authorizes College Athletes to Profit from the Use of their Image Bill Passed - House (68 - 1)
6/03 SB 5 Requires Compensating College Athletes for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 6)
6/02 SJM 4 Alleges Congress Should Implement Reparations for African Americans Bill Passed - House (35 - 23)
6/01 HB 6402 Authorizes Student-Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (136 - 11)
5/28 HB 547 Authorizes Homeschooled Students to Participate in University Interscholastic League Activities Concurrence Vote Passed - House (80 - 63)
5/26 HB 2497 Requires Patriotic Texas History Materials be Distributed through the DMV Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 9)
5/22 HB 547 Authorizes Homeschooled Students to Participate in University Interscholastic League Activities Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 14)
5/20 HB 198 Requires Schools to Provide Curricula on Black History Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 5)
5/20 AB 88 Requires Schools to Change Any Identifier that is "Racially Discriminatory" Bill Passed - Senate (12 - 8)
5/11 AB 226 Requires the National Anthem to be Played at Sports Stadiums Bill Passed - House (74 - 22)
5/06 SB 330 Authorizes College Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (141 - 6)
4/29 HB 198 Requires Schools to Provide Curricula on Black History Bill Passed - House (33 - 7)
4/28 SB 115 Authorizes Outdoor College Football Stadiums to Open to 100% Capacity Bill Passed - House (77 - 42)
4/15 HB 391 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Playing on Sports Teams that do not Match their Birth Sex Concurrence Vote Passed - House (76 - 13)
4/15 HB 391 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Playing on Sports Teams that do not Match their Birth Sex Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 5)
4/15 SJM 4 Alleges Congress Should Implement Reparations for African Americans Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 9)
4/15 SB 29 Prohibits Transgender Student's from Playing on Sports Teams That do Not Match their Birth Sex Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
4/14 HB 1475 Prohibits Transgender Students from Playing on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Sex Bill Passed - House (77 - 40)
4/09 SB 55 Prohibits Transgender Student Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Sex Conference Report Adopted - Senate (26 - 11)
4/09 HB 10 Establishes Protections for a Unangan Cemetery Bill Passed - House (31 - 8)
4/08 SB 55 Prohibits Transgender Student Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Sex Conference Report Adopted - House (76 - 43)
4/08 S 685 Authorizes College Athletes to be Paid for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 21)
4/08 SB 4 Requires the National Anthem be Played at All Sporting Events Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 2)
4/06 SB 2304 Requires Schools Teach Indigenous History Bill Passed - House (72 - 21)
3/31 JRH 2 Extends an Apology to Individual Vermonters and Their Families Harmed as a Result of State Sanctioned Eugenic Policies and Practices Joint Resolution Passed - House (146 - 0)
3/29 HB 1217 Prohibits Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do not Match Their Birth Sex Veto Override Failed - House (45 - 24)
3/25 SB 21-135 Prohibits the Use of Certain Animals in Traveling Animal Acts Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 13)
3/17 SB 208 Prohibits Transgender Women and Girls from Participating in Women's Sports Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 10)
3/16 SJR 11 Extends Honors to Rush Limbaugh Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
3/16 SJR 20 Establishes February 2021 as Black History Month and Honors Black Legislators Joint Resolution Failed - Senate (11 - 20)
3/10 LD 115 Establishes a New Flag for the State of Maine Bill Failed - House (57 - 91)
3/08 HB 1217 Prohibits Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do not Match Their Birth Sex Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 15)
3/02 HB 2264 Authorizes College Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (95 - 29)
2/11 HB 1030 Requires Paying Student Athletes if Their Likeness is Used in Advertising Bill Passed - House (93 - 19)
2/11 HB 1298 Requires Transgender Athletes to Play Sports on Teams Made for Their Biological Sex Bill Passed - House (65 - 26)
1/27 HB 112 Requires Student Athletes to Participate Under Sex Assigned at Birth Bill Passed - House (61 - 38)
1/06 HB 1 Repeals the State Flag Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 7)

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