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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


results per page:
Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
May 5, 2021 IA HF 889 Prohibits the Implementation of COVID-19 Vaccine Passports Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 16)
April 28, 2021 IA HF 802 Limits the Types of Diversity Training Schools and Governments May Offer Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 18)
April 28, 2021 IA HF 889 Prohibits the Implementation of COVID-19 Vaccine Passports Bill Passed - House (58 - 35)
April 26, 2021 AR SB 298 Classifies Federal Gun Restrictions as Invalid Veto Override Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
April 26, 2021 MT HB 504 Prohibits Peace Officers from Curtailing the Possession of Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (70 - 28)
April 26, 2021 ID H 377 Prohibits Teaching the Topic Known as "Critical Race Theory" Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 8)
April 22, 2021 National S 937 COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act Bill Passed - Senate (94 - 1)
April 22, 2021 ID H 377 Prohibits Teaching the Topic Known as "Critical Race Theory" Bill Passed - House (57 - 12)
April 21, 2021 NY S 830 Extends Voting Rights to Convicted Felons on Parole Bill Passed - House (97 - 52)
April 20, 2021 AL SB 91 Prohibits Racial Profiling Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 7)
April 15, 2021 MT HB 504 Prohibits Peace Officers from Curtailing the Possession of Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 17)
April 15, 2021 OR SJM 4 Alleges Congress Should Implement Reparations for African Americans Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 9)
April 15, 2021 AL SB 358 Prohibits State and Local Governments from Enforcing Any Federal Firearms Act Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 5)
April 15, 2021 AL SB 358 Prohibits State and Local Governments from Enforcing Any Federal Firearms Act Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 5)
April 15, 2021 ND SCR 4016 Alleges Opposition to Implementation of COVID-19 Passports Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (34 - 13)
April 8, 2021 AL SB 267 Prohibits Implementation of COVID-19 Vaccine Passports Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 0)
April 7, 2021 NH CACR 8 Prohibits Restrictions on the Right to Own, Carry, or Use Firearms Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 174)
April 1, 2021 OR SB 398 Establishes the Presence of a Noose as a Hate Crime Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 1)
March 29, 2021 CO HB 21-1011 Requires Providing Multilingual Ballot Access Bill Passed - House (40 - 23)
March 25, 2021 IL HB 158 Reduces Racial Disparities in Medical Care Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 16)
March 23, 2021 MI SB 257 Prohibits Banning Family Gatherings During the Pandemic Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 15)
March 22, 2021 NV SB 103 Prohibits Insurance Companies from Discriminating Based on a Dog's Breed Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 3)
March 19, 2021 MT HB 385 Increases the Number of Electors Needed to Sign a Constitutional Initiative Bill Passed - House (66 - 33)
March 18, 2021 IL HB 158 Reduces Racial Disparities in Medical Care Bill Passed - House (72 - 41)
March 17, 2021 National H J Res 17 Removing the deadline for the ratification of the equal rights amendment Joint Resolution Passed - House (222 - 204)
March 17, 2021 NC H 172 Establishes Term Limits For Congressional Positions Bill Passed - House (61 - 52)
March 17, 2021 IA SF 568 Amends Election Law Related to Amendments to the State Constitution Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 17)
March 16, 2021 IA HF 802 Limits the Types of Diversity Training Schools and Governments May Offer Bill Passed - House (59 - 38)
March 16, 2021 WI SJR 20 Establishes February 2021 as Black History Month and Honors Black Legislators Joint Resolution Failed - Senate (11 - 20)
March 15, 2021 AR SB 289 Authorizes Denial of Healthcare on the Basis of Religious Principles Bill Passed - House (72 - 20)
March 11, 2021 ME LD 2 Requires the State Legislature to Assess the Racial Impact of Pending Legislation Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 7)
March 4, 2021 WV SB 11 Prohibits Work Stoppages or Strikes by Public Employees Bill Passed - House (55 - 44)
March 4, 2021 SD HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Failed - Senate (13 - 20)
March 4, 2021 SD HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Failed - Senate (13 - 20)
March 3, 2021 National HR 1280 George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (220 - 212)
March 3, 2021 National HR 1 For the People Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (220 - 210)
March 2, 2021 SD HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Passed - House (62 - 7)
March 2, 2021 SD HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Passed - House (62 - 7)
March 1, 2021 MT SB 215 Limits State and Local Governmental Authority Over a Religious Activity Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 24)
Feb. 25, 2021 National HR 5 Equality Act Bill Passed - House (224 - 206)
Feb. 24, 2021 NY S 830 Extends Voting Rights to Convicted Felons on Parole Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
Feb. 24, 2021 CT HB 6515 Prohibits Discrimination Based on Hairstyle Bill Passed - House (138 - 9)
Feb. 24, 2021 AZ HB 2551 Authorizes Individuals with Concealed Carry Permits to Enter Most Buildings with Firearms Bill Passed - House (31 - 29)
Feb. 23, 2021 AZ HB 2152 Amends Arizona Revised Statues in Regards to Disclosure of Law Enforcement Body Camera Footage Bill Passed - House (31 - 29)
Feb. 22, 2021 WV SB 11 Prohibits Work Stoppages or Strikes by Public Employees Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
Feb. 19, 2021 MT HB 218 Prohibits "Free Speech Zones" on College Campuses Bill Passed - House (96 - 3)
Feb. 16, 2021 IN SB 198 Increases Penalties for Attendees of "Riots" or "Unlawful Assemblies" Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 8)
Feb. 16, 2021 NM HB 4 Repeals Qualified Immunity for Law Enforcement Officers Bill Passed - House (39 - 29)
Feb. 10, 2021 AR SB 289 Authorizes Denial of Healthcare on the Basis of Religious Principles Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 6)
Feb. 2, 2021 IA HF 228 Prohibits Open Enrollment Rejections Via Diversity Plans Bill Passed - House (56 - 32)
Jan. 28, 2021 KS HCR 5003 Amends the State Constitution to Allow Legislative Regulation and Specify that there is No Constitutional Right to Abortion Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 11)
Jan. 27, 2021 WA SB 5044 Requires Anti-Racism and Equity Training in Public Schools Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 19)
Jan. 22, 2021 KS HCR 5003 Amends the State Constitution to Allow Legislative Regulation and Specify that there is No Constitutional Right to Abortion Bill Passed - House (86 - 38)
Jan. 21, 2021 DE SB 31 Amends the Equal Rights Amendment in the State Constitution to Prohibit Racial Discrimination Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 0)
Jan. 21, 2021 ID HJR 1 Amends the State Constitution to Authorize the Legislature to Reconvene Their Session Bill Passed - House (51 - 18)
Jan. 12, 2021 IL SB 1608 Establishes New Commissions to Impose Racial Diversity Requirements Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (32 - 15)
Jan. 12, 2021 NY S 528 Amends the State Constitution to Ensure the Right to a Healthy Environment Bill Passed - Senate (48 - 14)
Jan. 11, 2021 IL SB 1608 Establishes New Commissions to Impose Racial Diversity Requirements Bill Passed - House (70 - 39)
Date No. Title Outcome
5/05 HF 889 Prohibits the Implementation of COVID-19 Vaccine Passports Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 16)
4/28 HF 802 Limits the Types of Diversity Training Schools and Governments May Offer Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 18)
4/28 HF 889 Prohibits the Implementation of COVID-19 Vaccine Passports Bill Passed - House (58 - 35)
4/26 SB 298 Classifies Federal Gun Restrictions as Invalid Veto Override Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
4/26 HB 504 Prohibits Peace Officers from Curtailing the Possession of Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (70 - 28)
4/26 H 377 Prohibits Teaching the Topic Known as "Critical Race Theory" Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 8)
4/22 S 937 COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act Bill Passed - Senate (94 - 1)
4/22 H 377 Prohibits Teaching the Topic Known as "Critical Race Theory" Bill Passed - House (57 - 12)
4/21 S 830 Extends Voting Rights to Convicted Felons on Parole Bill Passed - House (97 - 52)
4/20 SB 91 Prohibits Racial Profiling Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 7)
4/15 HB 504 Prohibits Peace Officers from Curtailing the Possession of Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 17)
4/15 SJM 4 Alleges Congress Should Implement Reparations for African Americans Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 9)
4/15 SB 358 Prohibits State and Local Governments from Enforcing Any Federal Firearms Act Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 5)
4/15 SB 358 Prohibits State and Local Governments from Enforcing Any Federal Firearms Act Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 5)
4/15 SCR 4016 Alleges Opposition to Implementation of COVID-19 Passports Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (34 - 13)
4/08 SB 267 Prohibits Implementation of COVID-19 Vaccine Passports Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 0)
4/07 CACR 8 Prohibits Restrictions on the Right to Own, Carry, or Use Firearms Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 174)
4/01 SB 398 Establishes the Presence of a Noose as a Hate Crime Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 1)
3/29 HB 21-1011 Requires Providing Multilingual Ballot Access Bill Passed - House (40 - 23)
3/25 HB 158 Reduces Racial Disparities in Medical Care Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 16)
3/23 SB 257 Prohibits Banning Family Gatherings During the Pandemic Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 15)
3/22 SB 103 Prohibits Insurance Companies from Discriminating Based on a Dog's Breed Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 3)
3/19 HB 385 Increases the Number of Electors Needed to Sign a Constitutional Initiative Bill Passed - House (66 - 33)
3/18 HB 158 Reduces Racial Disparities in Medical Care Bill Passed - House (72 - 41)
3/17 H J Res 17 Removing the deadline for the ratification of the equal rights amendment Joint Resolution Passed - House (222 - 204)
3/17 H 172 Establishes Term Limits For Congressional Positions Bill Passed - House (61 - 52)
3/17 SF 568 Amends Election Law Related to Amendments to the State Constitution Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 17)
3/16 HF 802 Limits the Types of Diversity Training Schools and Governments May Offer Bill Passed - House (59 - 38)
3/16 SJR 20 Establishes February 2021 as Black History Month and Honors Black Legislators Joint Resolution Failed - Senate (11 - 20)
3/15 SB 289 Authorizes Denial of Healthcare on the Basis of Religious Principles Bill Passed - House (72 - 20)
3/11 LD 2 Requires the State Legislature to Assess the Racial Impact of Pending Legislation Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 7)
3/04 SB 11 Prohibits Work Stoppages or Strikes by Public Employees Bill Passed - House (55 - 44)
3/04 HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Failed - Senate (13 - 20)
3/04 HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Failed - Senate (13 - 20)
3/03 HR 1280 George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (220 - 212)
3/03 HR 1 For the People Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (220 - 210)
3/02 HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Passed - House (62 - 7)
3/02 HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Passed - House (62 - 7)
3/01 SB 215 Limits State and Local Governmental Authority Over a Religious Activity Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 24)
2/25 HR 5 Equality Act Bill Passed - House (224 - 206)
2/24 S 830 Extends Voting Rights to Convicted Felons on Parole Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
2/24 HB 6515 Prohibits Discrimination Based on Hairstyle Bill Passed - House (138 - 9)
2/24 HB 2551 Authorizes Individuals with Concealed Carry Permits to Enter Most Buildings with Firearms Bill Passed - House (31 - 29)
2/23 HB 2152 Amends Arizona Revised Statues in Regards to Disclosure of Law Enforcement Body Camera Footage Bill Passed - House (31 - 29)
2/22 SB 11 Prohibits Work Stoppages or Strikes by Public Employees Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
2/19 HB 218 Prohibits "Free Speech Zones" on College Campuses Bill Passed - House (96 - 3)
2/16 SB 198 Increases Penalties for Attendees of "Riots" or "Unlawful Assemblies" Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 8)
2/16 HB 4 Repeals Qualified Immunity for Law Enforcement Officers Bill Passed - House (39 - 29)
2/10 SB 289 Authorizes Denial of Healthcare on the Basis of Religious Principles Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 6)
2/02 HF 228 Prohibits Open Enrollment Rejections Via Diversity Plans Bill Passed - House (56 - 32)
1/28 HCR 5003 Amends the State Constitution to Allow Legislative Regulation and Specify that there is No Constitutional Right to Abortion Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 11)
1/27 SB 5044 Requires Anti-Racism and Equity Training in Public Schools Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 19)
1/22 HCR 5003 Amends the State Constitution to Allow Legislative Regulation and Specify that there is No Constitutional Right to Abortion Bill Passed - House (86 - 38)
1/21 SB 31 Amends the Equal Rights Amendment in the State Constitution to Prohibit Racial Discrimination Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 0)
1/21 HJR 1 Amends the State Constitution to Authorize the Legislature to Reconvene Their Session Bill Passed - House (51 - 18)
1/12 SB 1608 Establishes New Commissions to Impose Racial Diversity Requirements Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (32 - 15)
1/12 S 528 Amends the State Constitution to Ensure the Right to a Healthy Environment Bill Passed - Senate (48 - 14)
1/11 SB 1608 Establishes New Commissions to Impose Racial Diversity Requirements Bill Passed - House (70 - 39)

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