Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


results per page:
Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
July 1, 2021 National HR 3684 INVEST in America Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 201)
June 28, 2021 OH SB 19 Limits the Size of the Sales Tax Levy Sought by the Toledo Area Regional Transportation Authority Bill Passed - House (61 - 36)
June 24, 2021 RI S 190 Authorizes DMV to Issue Driving Privileges to Undocumented Residents Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 10)
June 10, 2021 NY S 784 Prohibits the Use of Devices That Make Cars Louder Bill Passed - Senate (48 - 15)
June 3, 2021 NJ S 3223 Establishes Numerical Requirements and Zoning Standards for Electric Vehicles Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (25 - 13)
May 31, 2021 NV AB 116 Amends Minor Traffic Violations to be a Civil Instead of a Criminal Infraction Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 1)
May 31, 2021 NV SB 448 Increases Spending on Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Bill Passed - House (32 - 10)
May 30, 2021 NV SB 219 Repeals the Practice of Suspending People's Driver's Licenses When they Can't Afford to Pay Bill Passed - House (34 - 8)
May 20, 2021 NJ S 3223 Establishes Numerical Requirements and Zoning Standards for Electric Vehicles Bill Passed - House (53 - 23)
May 17, 2021 OR SB 574 Authorizes Motorcyclists to Drive Between Slow and Stopped Traffic Bill Passed - House (42 - 14)
May 12, 2021 SC S 40 Requires a Municipality to Receive Approval from the State DOT Before Amending Parking Facilities Bill Passed - House (102 - 10)
May 6, 2021 NC HB 692 Prohibits the Use of Suspension Modifications in Motor Vehicles Bill Passed - House (107 - 5)
May 5, 2021 OR SB 574 Authorizes Motorcyclists to Drive Between Slow and Stopped Traffic Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 6)
April 30, 2021 TX HB 19 Limits Liability of Trucking Companies to Ensure Victim Compensation Bill Passed - House (81 - 49)
April 27, 2021 PA SB 382 Requires PennDOT Receive Approval Before Undertaking Plans to Toll Bridges Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 19)
April 26, 2021 NY A 4302 Requires 100 Percent of Cars and Trucks Sold in State to be Zero-Emissions by 2035 Bill Passed - Senate (44 - 18)
April 22, 2021 CA AB 122 Authorizes Bicyclists to Treat Stop Signs as Yield Signs Bill Passed - House (53 - 11)
March 25, 2021 SC H 3011 Increases Penalties for Driving in the Left Lane on the Interstate for Extended Periods of Time Bill Passed - Senate (39 - 0)
March 25, 2021 NJ S 989 Expands Health Care and Minimum Wages for Airport Workers Bill Passed - House (47 - 25)
March 17, 2021 MI SB 210 Authorizes Someone to Drive an Off-Road Vehicle Without a Helmet or Protective Eyewear Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 15)
March 9, 2021 WA SB 5065 Increases Public Safety Regulations for Railroad Workers Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 21)
March 2, 2021 ID H 5 Requires the Hands-Free Use of Certain Devices While Driving Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 15)
Feb. 24, 2021 VA SB 1182 Increases Auto Insurance Minimum Coverage Limits Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (29 - 9)
Feb. 23, 2021 VA SB 1182 Increases Auto Insurance Minimum Coverage Limits Bill Passed - House (61 - 37)
Feb. 23, 2021 IN SB 141 Requires the Budget Agency to Withhold Income Tax Revenue from an Eligible County Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 17)
Feb. 19, 2021 NJ S 989 Expands Health Care and Minimum Wages for Airport Workers Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 12)
Feb. 2, 2021 National PN 78-4 Nomination of Peter Buttigieg as Secretary of Transportation Nomination Confirmed - Senate (86 - 13)
Jan. 29, 2021 ID H 5 Requires the Hands-Free Use of Certain Devices While Driving Bill Passed - House (39 - 28)
Date No. Title Outcome
7/01 HR 3684 INVEST in America Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 201)
6/28 SB 19 Limits the Size of the Sales Tax Levy Sought by the Toledo Area Regional Transportation Authority Bill Passed - House (61 - 36)
6/24 S 190 Authorizes DMV to Issue Driving Privileges to Undocumented Residents Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 10)
6/10 S 784 Prohibits the Use of Devices That Make Cars Louder Bill Passed - Senate (48 - 15)
6/03 S 3223 Establishes Numerical Requirements and Zoning Standards for Electric Vehicles Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (25 - 13)
5/31 AB 116 Amends Minor Traffic Violations to be a Civil Instead of a Criminal Infraction Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 1)
5/31 SB 448 Increases Spending on Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Bill Passed - House (32 - 10)
5/30 SB 219 Repeals the Practice of Suspending People's Driver's Licenses When they Can't Afford to Pay Bill Passed - House (34 - 8)
5/20 S 3223 Establishes Numerical Requirements and Zoning Standards for Electric Vehicles Bill Passed - House (53 - 23)
5/17 SB 574 Authorizes Motorcyclists to Drive Between Slow and Stopped Traffic Bill Passed - House (42 - 14)
5/12 S 40 Requires a Municipality to Receive Approval from the State DOT Before Amending Parking Facilities Bill Passed - House (102 - 10)
5/06 HB 692 Prohibits the Use of Suspension Modifications in Motor Vehicles Bill Passed - House (107 - 5)
5/05 SB 574 Authorizes Motorcyclists to Drive Between Slow and Stopped Traffic Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 6)
4/30 HB 19 Limits Liability of Trucking Companies to Ensure Victim Compensation Bill Passed - House (81 - 49)
4/27 SB 382 Requires PennDOT Receive Approval Before Undertaking Plans to Toll Bridges Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 19)
4/26 A 4302 Requires 100 Percent of Cars and Trucks Sold in State to be Zero-Emissions by 2035 Bill Passed - Senate (44 - 18)
4/22 AB 122 Authorizes Bicyclists to Treat Stop Signs as Yield Signs Bill Passed - House (53 - 11)
3/25 H 3011 Increases Penalties for Driving in the Left Lane on the Interstate for Extended Periods of Time Bill Passed - Senate (39 - 0)
3/25 S 989 Expands Health Care and Minimum Wages for Airport Workers Bill Passed - House (47 - 25)
3/17 SB 210 Authorizes Someone to Drive an Off-Road Vehicle Without a Helmet or Protective Eyewear Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 15)
3/09 SB 5065 Increases Public Safety Regulations for Railroad Workers Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 21)
3/02 H 5 Requires the Hands-Free Use of Certain Devices While Driving Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 15)
2/24 SB 1182 Increases Auto Insurance Minimum Coverage Limits Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (29 - 9)
2/23 SB 1182 Increases Auto Insurance Minimum Coverage Limits Bill Passed - House (61 - 37)
2/23 SB 141 Requires the Budget Agency to Withhold Income Tax Revenue from an Eligible County Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 17)
2/19 S 989 Expands Health Care and Minimum Wages for Airport Workers Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 12)
2/02 PN 78-4 Nomination of Peter Buttigieg as Secretary of Transportation Nomination Confirmed - Senate (86 - 13)
1/29 H 5 Requires the Hands-Free Use of Certain Devices While Driving Bill Passed - House (39 - 28)

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